The Trinity – Part 4
This is the fourth part of a series on the doctrine of the Trinity. In review, we have defined the Trinity as “one God in three distinct equal persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit; equal in nature, distinct in person, subordinate in their duties.” So far we have examined the external evidence, Old Testament evidence, and New Testament evidence for the Trinity. This month, we will turn our attention to how the attributes and work of God prove the Trinity.
The Attributes of God Teach Us about the Trinity
Each person of the Trinity is described with the attributes of God.
|Omnipresence||Jeremiah 23:24||Matthew 28:20||Psalm 139:7-12|
|Omnipotence||Romans 1:16||Matthew 28:28||Luke 1:35|
|Omniscience||Romans 11:33||John 21:17||John 16:13|
|Eternal||Malachi 3:6||Colossians 1:17||Hebrews 9:14|
In order to possess the attributes of God, one must be equal with the Father. I would disagree with (as does history and most scholars) those who believe that God can delegate His complete powers and characteristics to someone without that person becoming equal to the Supreme God.
The Work of God Teaches Us about the Trinity
Each person of the Godhead is involved in the type of work that only the Father can accomplish.
|Creation of the world||Psalm 102:25||John 1:3||Genesis 1:2|
|Creation of man||Genesis 2:7||Colossians 1:16||Job 33:4|
|Death of Christ||Isaiah 53:10||John 10:18||Hebrews 9:4|
|Resurrection of Christ||Acts 2:32||John 2:19||1 Peter 3:18|
|Inspiration of Scripture||Hebrews 1:1,2||1 Peter 1:10,11||2 Peter 1:21|
|Indwelling believers||Ephesians 4:6||Colossians 1:7||1 Corinthians 6:19|
|Security of the believer||John 10:29||Philippians 1:6||Ephesians 1:13,14|
As we examined before, relational subordination is the view that each member of the Godhead has different roles and/or responsibilities: For example, Christ has the responsibility of creation while the Holy Spirit has the duty of illumination. With that said, the specific work of one member of the Trinity can be ascribed to either of the others. For example, Colossians 1:16 and John 5:22 teach that God the Son is responsible for creation and judgment respectively, while Genesis 1:1 and Hebrews 12:23 show that God the Father accomplishes these tasks. This clearly demonstrates that Christ and God are equal.
Join us next month as we conclude this series by focusing on what the Trinity is not.